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What it is Heavy Fuel Oil? And why is is bad?

What is Heavy Fuel Oil? And why is it bad?

The use of heavy fuel oil by ships crossing the Arctic creates the risk of a catastrophic spill – which would be practically impossible to clean up. Worse still, when heavy fuel oil (HFO ) is burned in ship’s engines, the black carbon emitted falls onto Arctic snow or ice.

Infographic: The Use of Heavy Fuel Oil in Arctic Shipping

Infographic: The Use of Heavy Fuel Oil in Arctic Shipping

This infographic details how many ship operating in the Arctic use heavy fuel oil (HFO) – the residual waste of the petroleum refining process. It is extremely viscous and virtually impossible to clean up in the case of a spill. It also looks at Black Carbon, a critical contributor to human-induced climate warming, especially in the Arctic. The combustion of heavy fuel oil produces high levels of Black Carbon.

Infographic: How Can We Reduce Black Carbon Emissions From International Shipping?

Infographic: How Can We Reduce Black Carbon Emissions From International Shipping?

To address the impact of ship Black Carbon (BC) emissions on the Arctic, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has been tasked with developing a definition for black carbon, deciding on best methodology for measuring black carbon, and identifying abatement options. A considerable number of black carbon abatement options exist with varying reduction potential of BC emissions. Some are readily available, some in development, some expensive, some cheaper. This infographic goes through some of the most effective abatement options and depicts their advantages and drawbacks based on the most up to date scientific literature.

PPR 7/8/3: The need for an urgent switch to distillates for ships operating in the Arctic

PPR 7/8/3: The need for an urgent switch to distillates for ships operating in the Arctic

Submitted by to PPR7/8 by FOEI, WWF, Pacific Environment and CSC. This document discusses the implications for the Arctic of a recent study indicating that blended low sulphur residual fuels that have been developed to meet the IMO 2020 requirement will result in a significant increases in Black Carbon emissions, and calls on the IMO to mandate an urgent switch to distillates for ships operating in the Arctic to avoid a sharp rise in emissions of short-lived climate forcers in this vulnerable area.Download document (pdf): PPR 7/8/3: The need for an urgent switch to distillates for ships operating in the Arctic