This document comments on the outcome of PPR 8 on Black Carbon (BC) and on two options to reduce ship BC emissions other than an immediate switch to distillates in the Arctic – through universal marine engine standards and limiting the aromatic content in marine fuels – and identifies some possible challenges that will need to be addressed
This document provides comments on documents MEPC 76/9/1 (ICES) and MEPC 76/9/2 (Austria et al.) and, based on the information contained in these and other documents, proposes an amendment to the title and scope of the proposed output on the evaluation and harmonization of rules and guidance on the discharge of discharge waters from EGCS into the marine environment.
This document provides comments on the outcome of PPR 8 and proposes an MEPC resolution – a form of non-mandatory instrument addressing Black Carbon emissions from shipping in or near the Arctic.
The co-sponsors raise concerns about the effectiveness of the draft prohibition on the use and carriage for use as fuel of heavy fuel oil (HFO) by ships in Arctic waters proposed in document MEPC 76/3/1.