Publications

Comments on document PPR 8/5

PPR 8/5/4: Comments on document PPR 8/5 (Submitted by FOEI, Greenpeace International, WWF, Pacific Environment and CSC)

The Reduction on the Arctic of Emissions of Black Carbon from International Shipping: This document comments on document PPR 8/5. It recommends a way forward with respect to a policy option that does not require a measurement method and urges Member States to commence action to reduce the impact on the Arctic of emissions of Black Carbon from international shipping.

PPR 8/5/3: Comments on document PPR 8/5/1 (IBIEC and IBIA)

PPR 8/5/3: Comments on document PPR 8/5/1 (IBIEC and IBIA)

This document comments on document PPR 8/5/1 and offers some additional information that the co-sponsors believe is relevant to put the results presented in document PPR 8/5/1 in perspective (The Reduction on the Arctic of Emissions of Black Carbon from International Shipping)

PPR 8/5/2: Comments on document PPR 8/5/1

PPR 8/5/2: Comments on document PPR 8/5/1 (ISO)

In terms of overall Black Carbon emissions, it is not seen that setting an H/C limit would address the issues since VLSFOs are generally not prone to aromaticity and furthermore the hydrocarbon structure of a fuel is only one element in the factors which govern BC emissions – The Reduction on the Arctic of Emissions of Black Carbon from International Shipping

Final results of a Black Carbon measurement campaign with emphasis on the impact of the fuel oil quality on Black Carbon emissions

PPR 8/5/1: Final results of a Black Carbon measurement campaign with emphasis on the impact of the fuel oil quality on Black Carbon emissions

In this document, the final results of a Black Carbon measurement campaign on a single cylinder 4-stroke medium speed research engine are presented. The aim of the study was to analyse the impact of fuel oil quality on Black Carbon emissions. Furthermore, the composition of the particulate matter in the exhaust gas and a detailed fuel oil analysis of the VLSFOs are presented. The formation of Black Carbon is dominated by the aromatic content and H/C ratio of a fuel and could not be compensated by engine settings (injection timing or pressure). The aromatic fraction of investigated VLSFO fuels were dominated by harmful polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH).

Infographic: The IMO Draft Arctic Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Regulation: A Ban In Name Only?

Infographic: The IMO Draft Arctic Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Regulation: A Ban In Name Only?

Research by the International Council on Clean Transportation found that loopholes in IMO’s draft regulation means that exemptions to the ban and the allocation of waivers by central Arctic coastal states will allow up to 74% of HFO-fueled ships to continue using HFO in the Arctic until mid-2029. As a result, only 30% of HFO carriage as fuel and 16% of its use would be banned when the regulation comes into effect in mid-2024.

Infographic: Heavy Fuel Oil in Arctic Shipping

Infographic: Heavy Fuel Oil in Arctic Shipping

Heavy fuel oil (HFO) is shipping’s dirtiest fuel – almost impossible to clean up following a spill, and produces high levels of pollution when used by ships. The Arctic is warming at twice the global average. Between 2015 and 2019, HFO use in the Arctic increased 75%. This infographic demonstrates how HFO has no placed in the Arctic.

Comments on document MEPC 75/10/Add.1, paragraph 3.5 on draft amendments to MARPOL Annex I to incorporate a prohibition on the use and carriage for use as fuel of heavy fuel oil by ships in Arctic waters

MEPC 75/10/7: Comments on document MEPC 75/10/Add.1, paragraph 3.5 on draft amendments to MARPOL Annex I to incorporate a prohibition on the use and carriage for use as fuel of heavy fuel oil by ships in Arctic waters

In response to document MEPC 75/10/Add.1, the co-sponsors raise concerns about the impact and effectiveness of the draft prohibition on the use and carriage for use as fuel of heavy fuel oil (HFO) by ships in Arctic waters. Recently published work indicates that only 30% of HFO carriage and 16% of HFO use would be banned when the regulation comes into effect, and that it is likely that the amount of HFO carried and used in the Arctic will increase following the ban taking effect.